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Wildlife of india
 
India is a special wildlife destination. The Indian subcontinent is home to many rare and exotic species of wildlife. Indian Wildlife Portal offers tours to the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries of India. Ride on elephant back through the tall grass and feel the thrill of seeing a tiger stalk its prey. See rhinos, elephants, deer and bears in their natural surroundings, with India Wildlife Portal. Watch rare birds building nests and feeding their young on wildlife tours in India. India Wildlife portal opens doors to memorable wildlife encounters. See the wonders of Indian Wildlife with India Wildlife Portal.

India is home to several fabulous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks, which makes this country a nature lover?s paradise. The wildlife sanctuaries in India are home to around two thousand different species of birds, 3500 species of mammals, nearly 30000 different kinds of insects and more than 15000 varieties of plants. Travelers from all across the globe come to India to take a look at its rich wildlife and natural vegetation.

There are as many as 80 national parks and over 441 wildlife sanctuaries in India, covering nearly 4.5% of the total geographical area of the country. Scattered all across the country, these sanctuaries and parks attracts the tourists with their beautiful landscapes, amazing rock formation and diverse range of flora and fauna. Most of these sanctuaries were originally private hunting grounds of the former Indian aristocratic families.

These sanctuaries and forest reserves are home to several endangered species of animals and birds like the Asiatic Elephant, the Royal Bengal tiger, the Snow Leopard and the Siberian Crane. Many of the forest reserves and wildlife sanctuaries of India are famous for some particular specie of animals. For instance, the Kaziranga in Assam is know for the Indian Rhinoceros, while Periyar in Kerala is famous for its elephants.

The wildlife sanctuaries of India also include the bird sanctuaries, like the one at Bharatpur in Madhya Pradesh. The different species of birds that one can find over here is truly fascinating. Great Indian bustard, Himalayan monal pheasant, lammergiers, choughs, white-bellied sea eagle, white breasted swiftlet, fruit pigeons and griffon vultures are just some of the bird species that you can get to see here.

Today, India is one of the prestigious countries in the world where wildlife is both rich and varied. Out of the total land of India, more than 4% of land is under forest cover. The diversified geography of India made it home of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks spread across the country full of terrain, flora and fauna. There are about 482 wildlife sanctuaries and 90 national parks in India, which make India one of the 12-mega diversity areas in the world. At present, India is regarded as paradise of nature's lovers where leopard, lion, Asiatic elephant, the Bengal tiger and Siberian crane and several hundreds of species are found across the Indian subcontinent's wildlife sanctuaries.

Project Tiger is the most famous wildlife conservation project of India, which was lunched in 1972 to protect the diminishing population of Indian tigers. As recently as 1970, the hunting of tigers was legal in India and this majestic animal was hunted by the erstwhile royals and elites for pleasure and its beautiful skin. India is home to the largest number of wild tigers in the world and shelters approximately 60% of the world's wild tiger population. Initially 9 Tiger reserves covering an area of 16,339 sq km were chosen for Project Tiger. Corbett National Park was the first national park of India to be covered under Project Tiger on April 1st, 1973. Now as many as 27 Tiger Reserves, covering an area of37,761 sq km, are included in Project Tiger.

The exotic areas are Ranthambore (Rajasthan), Corbett (Uttar Pradesh), Gir (Gujarat), Kanha and Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh), Periyar (Kerala) and Kaziranga (Assam).

Tweeting and chirping are a bird watcher's favorite sounds, and in Indian Bird Sanctuaries these sounds reverberate copiously. Owing to its varied topography, climate and long coastline, India provides a home to several species of birds. The nation attracts scores of migratory birds as well.

Out of the 8650 species of birds' known in the world, India boasts of being a home to as many as 1200 species. Popular bird species in Indian bird sanctuaries include Racquet Tailed Drogas, Sun Birds, Kingfishers, Drogas, Tree Pies Jungle Owlets, Minvets, Mynas, Pipits, Larks, Siberia Crane, and more.

Located in the midst of verdant greens, Indian bird sanctuaries support thick forests and a variety of vegetation. Generally these bird sanctuaries surround natural or made-made water bodies such as rivers and lakes.
Among the most distinguished bird sanctuaries in India are - Keoladeo Ghana National Park at Bharatpur in Rajasthan, Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary in North Goa, Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary in Karnataka, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary in Kerala, Chilka Lake Bird Sanctuary in Orissa, Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary in Gujarat.

Keoladeo National Park, also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, is counted among finest bird sanctuaries in the world. Designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, the park is famous for water-birds as well as migratory birds.

Valley of Flowers not only attracts the nature lovers, but also the trek enthusiasts. Surrounded by snow-capped mountain ridges and peaks, the picturesque park is home to around 500 wild flower species and variety of wild animals. Most important flower species found in the park are Brahmakamal etc.

Situated on the banks of the picturesque Vembanad Lake, Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is famous all over the world for its avian population. Known as an ornithologist's paradise, the bird sanctuary spreads over an area of 14 acres.

This is the home of the Indian black buck. Velavadar is a unique grassland ecosystem that has attracted fame for the successful conservation of the black buck and is important part of Gujarat tourism. Once found in open plains throughout the country, its largest population at present occurs in Velvadar National Park.