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State of India - Tripura
 
QUICK FACTSClimate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 35, Min: 22, Winter - Max: 25, Min: 10 | Best Season: September - March | Languages Spoken: Bengali, Kakbarak, Manipuri, Hindi & English | Capital: Agartala

Overview:
Tripura is the second smallest state of India, cast away in the remote northeast hills. The beauty of the erstwhile princely state of Tripura is a gentle one, with rolling green valleys, dense woods, some picturesque palaces to lakes and hill stations. Its verdant expanses and rich forestland are a great attraction to the people. Inspite of having 19 tribes, the majority of the population of Tripura is Bengali. The cultural and ethnic diversity, its ancient temples and its tradition of handcraft are appealing enough for the visitors


Geography of Tripura:
About 54.5% of the land is under forest which houses are large variety of flora and fauna. The Khowati, the Manu, the Haorah, the Muhuri and the Gomati are some important rivers of Tripura. Tripura is almost surrounded on the north, west, and south by Bangladesh. It is accessible to the rest of India through the Cachar district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram in the east.


History of Tripura:
The history of Tripura dates back to era of the great Indian epics, such as, the Mahabharata, the Puranas; and pillar inscriptions of Emperor Ashoka. The history points out that around the 7th Century the Tripuri Kings with the title of 'pha' which means father, ruled from the Kailashahar region in North Tripura. In the 14th Century the history of Tripura witnessed a change when the Tripuri kings adopted the title of Manikya and the Manikya dynasty which had a Indo- Mongolian origin ruled Tripura for around 3000 years. This was probably the most glorious episode of the history of Tripura and the dominance of the Manikyas was also acknowledged by the Mughals who were the central rulers. With the coming of the colonial era the Britishers extended their control over Tripura but granted some independence to the Manikya kings.


Tourist Places of Tripura:
Tripura is one of the best-kept secrets that India can offer to the global tourists. Whereas lofty mist clad hills dominates the landscape of other northeastern states, the verdant valleys of Tripura serve as a pleasant relief. The tiny state represents a charming blend of tourist places such the capital city of Agartala - famous for its Ujjayanta Palace, State Museum, Tribal Museum, a number of temples and Buddhist sites: Unakoti - famous for its numerous rock carvings, murals with their primitive beauty. Tripura is also famous for its palaces such as the Kunjaban Palace built by the Manikyas & Neermahal Palace - which is a royal palace built under the influence of Mughal architecture.


Fairs & Festivals of Tripura:
Of the many festivals celebrated here both tribal and non-tribal communities celebrate Kharchi Puja the 7days festival with great vigour. The fourteen Goddesses are worshiped in July every year at a venue close to Agartala. Another remarkable tribal festival is Ganga Puja. This puja is held in March-April. About 4 to 5 Villages join together to perform this Puja. The main festivals of Tripura are the Durga Puja, Diwali, Dol Jatra (Holi), Pous Sankranti, Ashokashtmi and Buddha Jayanti, Id, Christmas and New Year. Other festivals that are celebrated here include Rabindra/Nazrul Festival in May, the Boat Race at Melaghar in August, the Orange and Tourism festival in the Jampui Hill range in November.


Cuisine in Tripura:
Fish is the integral part of the diet of the people of Tripura. Large community in Tripura consume non-vegetarian meal which includes pork, mutton, chicken, turtle, beef, crabs, fish, prawns, frogs and even dogs. The vegetables that are eaten here is brinjals, chillies, pumpkin, bamboo shoots and corn. The traditional cuisine of Tripura is known as Mui Borok. The cuisine of Tripura comprises of a key ingredient called Berma which is a dried and fermented fish. Apong is the famous drink of Tripura prepared from millet or rice. Awandru, Bwtwi, Chakhwi, Chakhwtwi, Chakhwtwi Kwthwng, Thokni Chakhwi, Berma bwtwi, Chatang, Mosodeng, Deng, Gudok, Hang, Ik, Muitru Hontali, Muhr, Mwkhwi, Napek, Peng, Rabra, Ruk, Ser, Sok, Yohk, Yaksapik are few of the famous cuisines of Tripura.


Shopping in Tripura:
Tribal populated Tripura boasts of vast forestland where bamboo and cane grow in abundance which has played a key role in forming a tradition of fantastic handicrafts in the state, which make shopping in Tripura a tourist delight. Loin-loom & Silk industry indeed is the oldest and most developed cottage industry of Tripura. Among the traditional produces mention may be made of dubris (a piece of skirt to be wrapped twice over the body) riha or risa (breast garment); bed-covers, screens, asanas etc.