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State of India - Punjab
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 35, Min: 15, Winter - Max: 13, Min: 0 | Best Season: October - March | Languages Spoken: Punjabi, Hindi and English | Capital: Chandigarh

Punjab is said to have derived its name from the 5 rivers which flow through this region; Indus, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi and Ghaggar rivers, which provide water to this state and make it a part of the northern fertile plain. The first impression of Punjab one gets is that of a land pulsating with prosperity. The land of Punjab is a land of exciting culture, myriad images of swaying emerald green fields and hearty people whose robust rustic ways of camaraderie and bonhomie are very much a part of their heritage. The people of Punjab are industrious, enterprising and hospitable. These traits are reflected in the culture of Punjab. Though majority of people in Punjab are Sikh, people of other faiths also live and work in the state.

Geography of Punjab:
Located in the northwest of India, Punjab is surrounded by Pakistan on the west, the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Himachal Pradesh on its northeast and Haryana and Rajasthan to its south. It covers a geographical area of 50,362 sq. km which is 1.54 % of country's total geographical area. The plains of Punjab, with their fertile soil and abundant water supply, are naturally suited to be the breadbasket for India.

History of Punjab:
Punjab has a long history and is known for its rich cultural heritage. The region has been invaded and ruled by many different empires including the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Egyptians, Afghans, and Mongols. Around 15th Century, Guru Nanak Dev founded the Sikh religion, which quickly came to prominence in the region. Later Maharaja Ranjit Singh reformed the Punjab into a secular and powerful state. Beginning of British rule in 19th century led to the emergence of several heroic Punjabi freedom fighters. In 1947, at the end of British rule, the Punjab was split between Pakistan and India.

Tourist Places of Punjab:
There are a number of tourist destinations in Punjab that you can visit during your tour. Amritsar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Chandigarh, Jalandhar are some of the most frequented cities in the state. The Golden Temple at Amritsar occupies an important place in the religious and tourist map of Punjab. It is the most important and popular pilgrimage sites of the Sikhs in Punjab. However the temple is not only frequented by the Sikh community alone, but people of other community also visit the temple. The Jalianwallah Bagh is another tourist spot near the Golden Temple. Another highlight of Punjab is the Indo Pak border i.e. the Wagah Border in Amritsar and the Yadavendra Gardens of Pinjore.

Fairs & Festivals of Punjab:
The fairs and festivals are full of verve. The traditional Punjabi dance - Bhangra is one fine example of the robust and hearty culture of Punjab. The most significant festival is Baisakhi, which marks the arrival of the harvesting season. The Gurpurab festival is celebrated by the Sikhs to express their reverence for their gurus. Teej heralds the onset of Sawan (monsoon), which is essential for the agricultural prosperity of the state. Dressed in all their finery, with menndi on their hands, the womenfolk converge to welcome the rains and pray for the long life of their husbands. Lohri - Celebrated on the 13th day of January, is a festival of zeal and verve and marks the culmination of the chilly winter. In true spirit of the Punjabi culture, men and women perform Bhangra and Giddha, popular Punjabi folk dances, around a bonfire.

Cuisine in Punjab:
The cuisine of Punjab has an enormous variety of mouth-watering vegetarian as well as non vegetarian dishes. In Punjabi food, coriander, cumin, cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, black pepper, red chili powder, turmeric and mustard are regularly used. In fact, one of their main crops is mustard or sarson. Its leaves are used to make sarson-ka-saag while its seeds are used for tempering and also for making mustard oil, which is widely used in Punjabi cuisine. Wheat is the staple food of Punjabis; however, they do enjoy eating rice on festivities and other special occasions. In the preparation of Punjabi food, onion, ginger and garlic are used extensively to enhance the taste of the food. Traditional Punjabi thali consists of varied kinds of breads; some are baked in the tandoor such as tandoori roti, lachha paratha, naan and kulcha, while others are dry baked on tava like chapatti and jowar ki roti. There is another fabulous variety of roti called rumali roti, which is larger in size as compared to the normal one and is also easily absorbable. At last their rich food is downed with the famous Punjab-di-Lassi.

Shopping in Punjab:
Punjab is one of the largest manufacturer and exporter of handloom product, handicrafts and hosiery goods. Wood work of Hoshiarpur and Kartarpur are renowned for artistic furniture with intricate designs. The hand woven carpets of Amritsar, durries (traditional carpets), woollen shawls, metal works, jutties (footwear), sports goods, needle works, leather garments and numerous other articles attract shoppers from all over the county and abroad. Almost every where you go in the state, you will find an exquisite display of the traditional items.

India travel agent and tour operators for North India and Punjab we offer most popular tours of Punjab and North India, covering the most popular tourist places of Punjab and Northern India, sightseeing places Punjab, Golden temple tours guide, sightseeing places, cities, tourist towns, climate and other information about Punjab.If you wish to explore any Northern, Western and Eastern India tourist destinations, please mail us at: