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State of India - Orissa
 
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 47, Min: 27, Winter - Max: 16, Min: 5 | Best Season:October - March | Languages Spoken:Oriya, Bengali, Hindi and English | Capital:Bhubaneswar

Overview:
Also known as the heart and soul of India, Orissa is a place that will make you feel as if you are in heaven. With a charming mix of sea, lake, wild life, tribal culture and not to mention, temples and monuments of different religions, Not only does the bracing and invigorating climate of Orissa add freshness to the soul, its beaches too add a slice of serenity in environs that are conducive to introspection and conviviality. Orissa has such beaches where the waves speak volumes. One can spend hours soaking in the sun, surfing or just frolicing in the lovely blue waters. Orissa offers a heady mix to the discerning travellers.

Geography of Orissa:
Bordered by West Bengal in the northeast, Jharkhand in the north, Andhra Pradesh in the south, Chattisgarh in the west and Bay of Bengal on the east. Mahanadi Brahmani, Baitarani, Subarnarekha, Rusikulya and the Budhabalanga rivers flow across this region and creating a large delta, which is very fertile. The voluminous seas and the hilly terrains of the Eastern Ghats play a pivotal role in shaping the weather of Orissa.

History of Orissa:
Orissa was known as Kalinga, during the early times. Kalinga is known to be a powerful kingdom since the early times of Kurukshetra battle. A tour to Orissa would take you to the land of one of the goriest battles (the war of Kalinga) of Indian history, which led to the transformation of Ashoka the conqueror into the greatest benevolent monarch of the world. Ashoka who was the follower of Buddha, led Buddhism spared over Kalinga and was later accepted as a state religion. Kharavela, in the second century AD established a strong rule here, followed by the Guptas in the 4th century AD. Upto 10th century Orissa witnessed the rule of the Bhaumakara dynasty, followed by the Soma dynasty. In the 11th - 12th century, the Gangas became prominent here. In the 13th and 14th century the rule was passed on to the Muslims Sultanate which lasted till 1568. This was followed by the rule of the Mughals which lasted till the death of Aurangzeb which led Mughal power to decline passing on the rule to Nawab of Bengal. His rule lasted till 1803 AD when the Marathas were suppressed by the diplomatic treaties of the East India Company. The state of Orissa attained its present status in the year 1949.

Tourist Places of Orissa:
Orissa is home to a rich culture and heritage. Travel to Orissa to see the ancient Indian architecture culminated to the creation of wonderful Sun temple in Konark, Lingraja temple, Mukteshwar temple in Bhubaneswar and Jagannath Temple in Puri. You may choose to let your hair own in Chandipur or Gopalpur on sea, or spot a white tiger in Nandankanan. Events like the holy Jagannath Rath yatra in Puri, attract a large number of devotees every year. Chilka, Asia's largest brackish water lake, not only provides a haven for millions of birds, but is also one of the few places in India where one can view dolphins. The lush green forest cover of Orissa plays host to a wide variety of flora and fauna.

Fairs & Festivals of Orissa:
Orissa being a land of ancient and sacred temples, there are a large number of fairs and festivals celebrated in the state. There are festivals relating to each religion, tribal festivals and festivals relating to Lord Jagannath, and many seasonal exhibitions and fairs as well as special festivals such as the Konark Dance Festival, Dola Purnima, Rajarani Music Festival, the Puri Beach Festival etc. Out of all the festivals celebrated in Orissa, Rath Yatra - a grand procession carried out in the honour of the presiding deity of Puri is celebrated here with great enthusiasm. Durga Puja and Kali Puja are the two major festivals of the Orissa.

Cuisine in Orissa:
Cuisine of Orissa is simple and delicious. Rice is the staple food for the people of Orissa. A large number of people practice vegetarianism because of their deep religious nature. A significant proportion of people relish sea foods like fish, prawns, crabs and lobsters which are found in plenty along the coast. Curd and coconut milk find great use in the diet of the people. People are also very much fond of sweets and many of the recipes are popular all over the country. Chhenna Jalebi, Enduri Pitha and Chittau Pitha are the famous sweet dishes of people of Orissa.

Shopping in Orissa:
The state of Orissa is deeply rooted with a great aesthetic sense and craftsmanship, which reflects in their handicrafts and handlooms. All the Oriya craft forms are available in abundance in the local markets of its major cities which is the best place to shop for mementoes and souvenirs. While shopping in Orissa you can opt to buy wall hangings of Pipli to the exquisite silver filigree work of Cuttack, intricate paintings from Raghurajpur to the glorious hand woven fabrics from Sambalpur. Also not to be missed is Ikkat saris, Woven fabric with appliqué work, tie and dye, Silver works, Patta Chitra, Stone utensils, Metal crafts, Palm leaf painting. Images of Gods and goddesses. can be picked up from Puri, Bargarh and Cuttack.
 
 
 
 
Explore West India, Orissa one the most popular tourist state of India, Orissa is enriched by ancient temples world famous: Konarak Sun Temple, we provide Konarak Sun Temple tours with Orrisa beaches Puri temple tours, beaches tours of Orissa, tribal culture and traditions of Orrisa, tourist attractions of orissa, places of interest of Orissa, Orissa monuments and culture tours, Orissa with West Bengal and Sikkim tours, we can combined one tourist sector or state according to your interest and nos. of days, please mail us at: info@indiatourstravel.net