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State of India - Manipur
 
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 29, Min: 14, Winter - Max: 25, Min: 7 | Best Season: November - May | Languages Spoken: Manipuri, Hindi, English, Burmese, Tibeto | Capital: Imphal

Overview:
Nestling deep within a lush green corner of North East India, is the wondrously beautiful little Shangrila called Manipur. Literally and rightly meaning a 'jeweled town', Manipur exudes a charm springing from its off-the-beaten-track image. The people of Manipur are polite and hospitable. The state is also the birth place of the famous classical dance; Raasleela and is rich in culture and tradition. Untouched and abundant with natural beauty, Manipur promises to be a great tourist discovery of the 21st century.

Geography of Manipur:
Manipur is surrounded by Nagaland in the North, Mizoram in the South, Assam in the west and Myanmar in the east. One of the Seven Sister states of north east India, the lush green state mainly comprises of plateaus, valleys and hill ranges. A treasure trove of numerous species of flora and fauna makes it rich in bio diversity and these also include some rare and endangered varieties.

History of Manipur:
The earliest recorded history of Manipur dates back to 900 AD. The people of Manipur comprise of two ethnic groups. The Nagas are the fighters who inhabit the hills, whereas the hills are inhabited by a group called Kukis. In its long history, Manipur has faced numerous invasions from Myanmar (Burma) which borders the state. Manipur was brought into India in the year 1826 by the treaty of Yandavo by Raja Jai Singh with the British at the end of the Indo-Burmese war. This followed a dispute in accession to the throne. The defeat of Manipur in the first Anglo Manipuri war of 1891 made it a princely state of the British and Churachand was nominated as the Raja of Manipur. In this war, many great heroes lost their lives like Major General Paona Brajabashi, General Thangal, Yuvraj (Prince) Tekendrajit. During World War II Imphal was occupied by the Japanese. Ultimately Manipur achieved full statehood on January 21, 1972 after India's independence.

Tourist Places of Manipur:
Set amongst smoky blue hills, the tiny state of Manipur has some beautiful tourist places which are quite interesting and filled with character. In Imphal your tour itinerary must include Shree Govindajee Temple, Sahid Minar, Chorus Repertory Theater and excursions to the Keibul Lamjao National Park and Loktak Lake. Apart from that there are also towns like Bishnupur; the land of dancing, Chandel and Churachandpur; the tribal towns, Tamenglong; the land of exotic orchids, Ukhrul; the highest hill station of Manipur and Senapati which as the name suggests is a historical city and a former war site.

Fairs & Festivals of Manipur:
Almost every festival celebrated in other states is observed in Manipur as well, making it a mini metropolis. Ningol Chakouba, Yaoshang, Kut, Chumpha, Ratha Jatra, Gang-Ngai, Ramjan Id etc. are some of the festivals celebrated in Manipur. Most of them are celebrated on the basis of lunar calendar. Lai Haraoba or the Spring Festival is celebrated with the Manipuri's graceful movements in all dance forms. Yaoshang or Holi is a five day long celebrated festival and starts from the full moon of Phalguna. Ningol Chakouba is an important festival of the Meities where as per the customs the women are invited for a feast at their parental house. Kut is the harvest festival of Manipuri's, where as the Cheirouba Festival is the New Year celebration in the state.

Shopping in Manipur:
The treasured culture and tradition of the Manipuris is also displayed in their handloom clothes and handicrafts. The Manipuri handloom and handicraft are world famous for its craftsmanship as well as ingenuity, colourful, colourfulness and usefulness. Manipuri bed covers of Moirangfee and flower designs, silk and cotton sarees, scarves, blankets and shawls, in distinctive shades and weaves, make for an alluring collection. A wide array of artistic handicrafts from bamboo, papier mache, decorative ivory, dolls and jewellery make for prized souvenirs.