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State of India - Jharkhand
 
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 33, Min: 14, Winter - Max: 15, Min: 0 | Best Season: April - October | Languages Spoken: Pahari, Hindi and English | Capital: Ranchi

Overview:
Although tourism as an industry is still in the making in this newfound state, the land represents a heady mix of tourist attractions in Jharkhand ranging from hills, waterfalls, lakes, to mineral springs, wild life sanctuaries, pilgrimage centres and a soothing climate. Its blissfully remote and tranquil nature in midst of a charming climate is difficult to ignore. What completes the attraction of the Jharkhand are the Adivasis who predominate the plateau with their lovable and cheerful race.

Geography of Jharkhand:
The plateau on which most of Jharkhand is spread out is called Chotanagpur. Jharkhand is bordered by Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh to the west, Orissa to the south, and West Bengal to the east. Damodar, North Koyel, Maurakshi, Barakar, South Koyel, Ajay, Karkai and Subarnarekha are the major rivers of Jharkhand.

History of Jharkhand:
According to popular belief, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa had declared himself the ruler of Jharkhand in the 13th century. In post-Independence era, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha started a regular agitation which impelled the government to establish the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally a full-fledged State. Ultimately the territory of Jharkhand was carved out of Bihar. On 15th November, 2000, Jharkhand was given a separate entity and a new name which literally means 'the territory of forests'.

Tourist Places Jharkhand:
Ranchi, the capital city of Jharkhand is the most important city in terms of tourist's inflow. The other important cities of Jharkhand include Dhanbad, Bokaro, Netrahat, Jamshedpur, Hazaribagh and Deoghar. All these cities house a number of attractions for tourists. Forests and woodlands cover a significant 29 percent of the state. Asian elephant, tiger and bison are among the inhabitants of these forests. Betla National Park in Palamu district and Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary have a rich variety of flora and fauna. The famous places of pilgrimage in Jharkhand are Rajrappa, Parasnath, Sun Temple, Baidyanathdham (Deoghar), Jagannathpur Temple and Hill, Anjangram and many more.

Fairs & Festivals of Jharkhand:
Known for its rich and diverse culture, Jharkhand is home to large number of fairs and festivals celebrated throughout the year Kunda Mela held at the time of Phalgun Shivratri and Chatra Mela held during Durga Puja are the major festivals of Jharkhand. Kolhaiya Mela, Tutilawa Mela, Lawalong Mela, Belqada Mela, Sangharo Mela are some of the other important fairs and festivals in Jharkhand.

Cuisine in Jharkhand:
Wheat and rice are staple food of Jharkhand, beside, people like dal (lentils) in their meal. Majority of the people are vegetarian. Vegetables are grown in abundance and cooked in a variety. A regular meal of the people here consists of dal, bhat (rice), phulka (roti), tarkari (sabzi) and achar (pickles). Few of the popular dishes of Jharkhand include Khichdi, Aloo Chokha, Jhingni ki sabzi, Besan (Gatte) ki sabzi, Kala- Chana Ghoomni, Chana daal ki kachree, Thekua (Dessert), Mitha Khaja (Dessert), Pua, Til Barfi, Litti, Forsuran (ole) chutney and Pittha. Dishes and drinks made from Sattu (powered gram) are very popular among the people of Jharkhand.

Shopping in Jharkhand:
Jharkhand offers a lot of variety in tribal handicrafts to the shoppers. Some of the must buy items of the state include Wood craft, Bamboo works, Metal work, Stone carving, Paitkar paintings and Ornaments. The stone carving and Paitkar Paintings are some of the rare handicrafts of the Jharkhand.