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State of India - Chhattisgarh
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer - Max: 45, Min: 29. Winter - Max: 27, Min: 10 | Best Season: November - January | Languages Spoken: Hindi, Chhattisgarhi | Capital: Raipur

Chhattisgarh, recently created from the state of Madhya Pradesh, is a part of India that rarely comes up in the vocabulary of a tourist guide. The lack of publicity has protected it's yet to be explored natural beauty and cultural heritage from the prying eyes of a seasoned traveller. The name Chhattisgarh is derived from the fact that once upon a time there were thirty six families of dalits (leather workers) who established themselves here and hence the place came to be known as "Chhatisghar". The name of the town was later changed to Chhattisgarh.

Geography of Chhattisgarh:
Chhattisgarh is a state in central India. Chhattisgarh is bordered by Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh in the north, Andhra Pradesh in the south, Orissa in the east and Madhya Pradesh in the west. Mahanadi is the most important river of this state. It is an integral component of the geography of Chhattisgarh. The other main rivers of this Chhattisgarh include Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and Hasdo (tributary of Mahanadi).

History of Chhattisgarh:
According to a mythological legend, Ram, during his Vanvas stayed in Dakshin Kosala. Today, this is known as Chhattisgarh. The unbroken history of Chhattisgarh or of South Kosala can be traced back to fourth century AD and its mythological history goes back as far back as the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Chhattisgarh has been under the control of various rulers from time to time which include the Rajputs – who were the first to rule Chhattisgarh during 10th Century followed by Mughals, Chalukyas, and Marathas. Chhattisgarh for the first time came under some sort of British control, in 1818.

Tourist Places of Chhattisgarh:
The State is full of ancient monuments, exquisitely carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, water falls, caves, rock paintings and hill plateaus. Most of these sites are untouched and unexplored and offer a unique and alternate experience to tourists compared to traditional destinations which have become overcrowded. With 44% of its area under forests, It is hardly surprising then that Chhattisgarh is home to 3 National Parks and 12 Wildlife Sanctuaries that are a must visit for anyone who takes on an eco tour in Chhattisgarh. There is, also, great scope for the promotion of modern adventure sports such as water sports, trekking, rock climbing, parasailing and bungee jumping. Chhattisgarh offers the tourist a Destination with a Difference.

Fairs & Festivals of Chhattisgarh:
Chhattisgarh has a number of vivid and colourful festivals, held all round the year. Rajim Lochan Mahotsav held every year from 16th February till 1st March is celebrated with great fanfare. Bhoramdeo Mahotsav (last week of March), Chakradhar Festival (September or October), Goncha Festival (July), Narayanpur Mela (last week of February) and Sheorinarayan Fair (February) are other widely celebrated and most enjoyed fairs and festivals of Chhattisgarh.

Cuisine in Chhattisgarh:
Wheat, Jowar and Maize are the staple food of the people of Chhattisgarh. The meals are also inclusive of protein rich lentils. Most commonly consumed of all is the Arhar dal. The Chhattisgarh people are known for their sweet tooth, Jalebi is well known sweet in Chhattisgarh. Bafauri is another popular dish which is prepared from Chana dal.

Shopping in Chhattisgarh:
Chhattisgarh is rich in handicrafts and handlooms, which provide a unique unknown identity to the tourists. Woodcraft, Bamboo craft, Cotton fabrics, Wrought iron items, Tusser Cloth (Kosa), Terratcota, Bell Metal etc are indigenous product of Chhattisgarh which have attracted the domestic and international tourists.