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State of India - Assam
 
QUICK FACTS Climate (Degree C.): Summer- Max: 35, Min: 22. Winter - Max: 26, Min: 10 Best Season: October - March Languages Spoken: Assamese | Capital: Dispur

Overview:
Assam is a land of myths and mystery. "The land of Red River and blue hills," as it is described, has a unique landscape with sprawling tea gardens and unending stretches of paddy fields interspersed with groves of coconut, areca nuts, and banana trees. Combine this with some great opportunities for adventure sports and rare wildlife destinations and you will find a perfect tourist destination in Assam.

Geography of Assam:

Assam is the gateway to the northeastern part of India. The mighty Brahmaputra River that has its origins in Tibet charts its majestic course through this state. It is bordering the countries of Bhutan and Bangladesh. Situated to the east of Assam is Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur, to the west lay Bangladesh and Tripura, whereas Mizoram and Meghalaya are at the south of Assam. Together, the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya, Assam, are called the Seven Sister States of India.

History of Assam:
Assam's history goes back to ancient times. The base of this history can be found in Tantric literature, Buddhist literature, Assamese folklore and Vedic literature. However, first mention of the state of Assam is found in the epics and the religious legends. The Aryans belonging to the priestly and warrior classes found their way into Assam in very early times. Various places mentioned in the epics, like Mahabharata etc. are now identified with sites in this state.

Tourist Places of Assam:
Assam the most famous for it's its tea gardens and wild life resources is a nature's paradise with a number of mesmerizing and beautiful cities and towns. Visit to Assam is incomplete without a trip to Kaziranga National Park, world famous for its one horned rhinoceros. Other tourist places of Assam include Guwahati, Tezpur and Dispur the capital of Assam.

Fairs and Festivals of Assam:
The most appealing factor of Assam is its fair and festivals. The festivals celebrated in Assam, depict the diverse faith and belief of its local people. Irrespective of their caste, religion, and tribe, everyone participates in the glory and joy of the festivals. The most important festivals in Assam are the three Bihu Festivals all celebrated with equal fervor and enthusiasm. The jubilation and energy of the moments during this festival takes the spectators to a different level of enjoyment.

Cuisine in Assam:
The influence of the Southeast Asian countries is quite evident in the Assam cuisine. Most of the dishes are prepared using oil in small quantum. Also like all other coastal regions, rice plays an essential role in most of the Assamese dishes. The cuisine is not too spicy but does have a strong flavor. The two main dishes that characterize a traditional meal in Assam are khar and tenga. It is generally served in special bell metal utensil made by a local community called Mariya. Other important food items of Assam are Pitha, Poitabhat Pitika eri polu. Last but not the least is the famous Assam tea. Whether served as lemon tea, common milk tea or black tea, the Assamese tea is very refreshing and forms an indispensable part of it's cuisine.

Shopping in Assam:
The people of Assam have traditionally been craftsmen from time immemorial. Different types of tribes are famous for variety of handicrafts. Some are famous for handloom and some have mastered in metal of pottery works. The colourful Assamese Japi (headgear), terracotta of Gauripur and various decorative items bear witness to the craftsmanship of this land. Assam Handloom is quite noteworthy offering a mosaic of colours and contours with pleasing motifs and designs. The Assamese silk dresses, also known as Eri, Muga and typical tribal attires with its radiant colours and patterns are a treat to the eyes of the beholder.